philosopher

Antoni Lange

Antoni Lange was a Polish poet, philosopher, polyglot, writer, novelist, science-writer, reporter and translator. A representative of Polish Parnassianism and symbolism, he is also regarded as belonging to the Decadent movement. He was an expert on Romanticism, French literature and a popularizer of culture of Eastern cultures. He is famous for his novel Miranda.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Apollonius of Tyana

Apollonius of Tyana (Ancient Greek: Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ Τυανεύς; c. 15 – c. 100 AD), sometimes also called Apollonios of Tyana, was a Greek Neopythagorean philosopher from the town of Tyana in the Roman province of Cappadocia in Anatolia.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Aristotle

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and polymath, a student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. His writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, linguistics, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. Together with Plato and Socrates, Aristotle is one of the most important founding figures in Western philosophy.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Arthur Schopenhauer

Arthur Schopenhauer was a German philosopher best known for his book, The World as Will and Representation; in it, he claimed that our world is driven by a continually dissatisfied will, continually seeking satisfaction.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Avicenna

Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn Sīnā, commonly known as Ibn Sīnā or by his Latinized name Avicenna, was a Persian polymath, who wrote almost 450 treatises on a wide range of subjects, of which around 240 have survived. In particular, 150 of his surviving treatises concentrate on philosophy and 40 of them concentrate on medicine.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Ayn Rand

Ayn Rand was a Russian-American novelist, philosopher, playwright, and screenwriter. She is known for her two best-selling novels The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged and for developing a philosophical system she called Objectivism.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

B. W. Powe

Bruce William Powe is a Canadian writer poet, novelist, essayist, philosopher, and teacher.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Baltasar Gracian

Baltasar Gracián y Morales, SJ was a Spanish Jesuit and baroque prose writer. He was born in Belmonte, near Calatayud. His proto-existentialist writings were lauded by Nietzsche and Schopenhauer.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Baruch Spinoza

Baruch Spinoza and later Benedict de Spinoza was a Jewish-Dutch philosopher. Revealing considerable scientific aptitude, the breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Benjamin Whichcote

Benjamin Whichcote was a British Establishment and Puritan divine, Provost of King's College, Cambridge, and leader of the Cambridge Platonists.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Bernard de Mandeville

Bernard Mandeville, or Bernard de Mandeville (; 15 November 1670 – 21 January 1733), was an Anglo-Dutch philosopher, political economist and satirist. Born in Rotterdam, Netherlands, he lived most of his life in England and used English for most of his published works. He became famous for The Fable of the Bees.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Bernard Williams

Sir Bernard Arthur Owen Williams, FBA (21 September 1929 – 10 June 2003) was an English moral philosopher. His publications include Problems of the Self (1973), Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy (1985), Shame and Necessity (1993), and Truth and Truthfulness (2002). He was knighted in 1999.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Arthur William Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, and social critic. At various points in his life he considered himself a liberal, a socialist, and a pacifist, but he also admitted that he had never been any of these in any profound sense.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal, was a French mathematician, physicist, inventor, writer and Catholic philosopher. He was a child prodigy who was educated by his father, a tax collector in Rouen.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Boethius

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius, commonly called Boethius, was a philosopher of the early 6th century. He was born in Rome to an ancient and prominent family which included emperors Petronius Maximus and Olybrius and many consuls. His father, Flavius Manlius Boethius, was consul in 487 after Odoacer deposed the last Western Roman Emperor.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Brand Blanshard

Percy Brand Blanshard was an American philosopher known primarily for his defense of reason. A powerful polemicist, by all accounts he comported himself with courtesy and grace in philosophical controversies and exemplified the rational temper he advocated.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Brendan Myers

Brendan Cathbad Myers is a philosopher and author known for his contributions in environmental philosophy, Druidry and Neo-Druidism, mythology, and applied virtue ethics.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Bruce Lee

Bruce Lee was a Chinese American Hong Kong actor, martial arts instructor, philosopher, film director, film producer, screenwriter, founder of Jeet Kune Do, and the son of Cantonese opera actor Lee Hoi-Chuen.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Cao Xueqin

Cao Xueqin (Chinese: 曹雪芹; pinyin: Cáo Xuěqín; Wade Giles: Ts'ao Hsueh-ch'in, was a Qing Dynasty Chinese writer, best known as the author of Dream of the Red Chamber, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. His given name was Cao Zhan and his courtesy name is Mengruan.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao

Charles de Montesquieu

Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu, generally referred to as simply Montesquieu, was a French social commentator and political thinker who lived during the Enlightenment. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is taken for granted in modern discussions of government and implemented in many constitutions throughout the world.

Posted: 2019-03-03By: pandao