Ahmad Shah Massoud

Ahmad Shah Massoud

Born: September 2, 1953

Died: September 9, 2001



Biography: Ahmad Shah Massoud was a political and military leader in Afghanistan. He was a central figure, known as the Lion of Panjshir, in the resistance against the Soviet occupation between 1979 and 1989, served as the Defense Minister of Afghanistan against the militia of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar in the early 1990s, and led resistance against Mohammed Omar's Taliban regime between 1996 and 2001.

Source/Notes: Remark to a reporter (April 2001), quoted in Time (4 August 2002) The Secret History by Michael Elliott
Source/Notes: Attributed in Jawbreaker: The Attack on Bin Laden and Al Qaeda (2005) by Gary Berntsen and Ralph Pezzullo