Born: March 18, 1798
Died: October 2, 1872
Biography: Francis Lieber, known as Franz Lieber in Germany, was a German-American jurist, gymnast and political philosopher. He edited an Encyclopaedia Americana. He was the author of the Lieber Code during the American Civil War, also known as Code for the Government of Armies in the Field, which laid the foundation for conventions governing the conduct of troops during wartime.