Born: June 20, 1723
Died: February 22, 1816
Biography: Adam Ferguson FRSE, also known as Ferguson of Raith was a Scottish philosopher and historian of the Scottish Enlightenment. Ferguson was sympathetic to traditional societies, such as the Highlands, for producing courage and loyalty. He criticized commercial society as making men weak, dishonourable and unconcerned for their community. Ferguson has been called the father of modern sociology.