Frederick Douglass

Frederick Douglass

Born: February 14, 1817

Died: February 20, 1895

Nationality: American

Occupation: Author, abolitionist, editor, diplomat

Biography: Frederick Douglass was an American social reformer, orator, writer and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement, gaining note for his dazzling oratory and incisive antislavery writing. He stood as a living counter-example to slaveholders' arguments that slaves did not have the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens.

Source/Notes: West India Emancipation (1857). Sometimes misquoted as "Without a struggle, there can be no progress."
Source/Notes: Earliest reference found in: "Young Children, Volume 53" (1964), p. 375. Probably apocryphal.

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Source/Notes: The Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass: Reconstruction and after (1975 edition)
Source/Notes: The Essential Frederick Douglass (2008 edition), Wilder Publications - ISBN: 9781604592528
Source/Notes: Speech on the twenty-third anniversary of Emancipation in the District of Columbia, Washington, D.C. (April 1885)
Source/Notes: The Life and Writings of Frederick Douglass: Pre-Civil War decade, 1850-1860 (1975 edition)

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Source/Notes: A Will to Be Free (an African American Heritage Book) (2008 edition), Wilder Publications - ISBN: 9781604592238
Source/Notes: The Essential Frederick Douglass (2008 edition), Wilder Publications - ISBN: 9781604592528