Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton

Born: December 25, 1642

Died: March 20, 1727

Nationality: English

Occupation: Mathematician

Biography: Sir Isaac Newton was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist and theologian, who has been considered by many to be the greatest and most influential scientist who ever lived. His monograph Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica, published in 1687, lays the foundations for most of classical mechanics.

Source/Notes: Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687), Preface
Source/Notes: Letter to Robert Hooke (15 February 1676). Variant: "If I have seen further it is by standing on ye sholders of Giants."
Source/Notes: Isaaci Newtoni Opera quae exstant omnia, Volume 4 (1782), p. 370, "Theory of Light and Colors"

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Source/Notes: Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1687), Laws of Motion, III
Source/Notes: Plato is my friend — Aristotle is my friend — but my greatest friend is truth.

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Source/Notes: Newton's response, whenever Edmond Halley would say anything disrespectful of religion. As quoted in: The Life of Sir Isaac Newton (1831) by Sir David Brewster
Source/Notes: This is from an anecdote found in St. Nicholas magazine, Vol. 5, No. 4, (February 1878)