### James Joseph Sylvester

**Born:** September 3, 1814

**Died:** March 15, 1897

**Nationality:** English

**Occupation:** Mathematician

**Biography:** James Joseph Sylvester FRS was an English mathematician. He made fundamental contributions to matrix theory, invariant theory, number theory, partition theory and combinatorics. He played a leadership role in American mathematics in the later half of the 19th century as a professor at the Johns Hopkins University and as founder of the American Journal of Mathematics.