Born: November 16, 1922
Died: June 18, 2010
Biography: José de Sousa Saramago was a Portuguese novelist, poet, playwright, journalist and recipient of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Literature. His works, some of which can be seen as allegories, commonly present subversive perspectives on historic events, emphasizing the human factor. Harold Bloom has described Saramago as a permanent part of the Western canon.