Born: January 28, 1853
Died: May 19, 1895
Occupation: Activist, poet, writer
Biography: José Julián Martí Pérez was a Cuban national hero and an important figure in Latin American literature. In his short life he was a poet, an essayist, a journalist, a revolutionary philosopher, a translator, a professor, a publisher, and a political theorist. He was also a part of the Cuban Freemasons.