Born: November 11, 1954
Biography: Paolo Gentiloni Silveri (Italian pronunciation: [ˈpaːolo dʒentiˈloːni]; born 22 November 1954) is an Italian politician, who served as the 57th Prime Minister of Italy from 12 December 2016 to 1 June 2018. A founding member of the Democratic Party, he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 31 October 2014 until December 2016, when President Sergio Mattarella asked him to form a new government. Previously, he was Minister of Communications from 2006 to 2008, during the second government of Romano Prodi.Despite being considered a caretaker Prime Minister at the beginning of his term, during his year and a half tenure, Gentiloni promoted the implementation and the approval of several reforms like the advance healthcare directive and a new electoral law. His government introduced also more severe and stricter rules regarding immigration to Italy and social security, to counteract the European migration crisis. Gentiloni's foreign policy was characterized by a strong Europeanist stance; he also built up a series of close relations with the Arab countries of the Persian Gulf, started an investments' policy toward Africa and normalized Italian relations with India after years of tensions.